Téléphonie portable : A Wallis et Futuna, le premier réseau mobile est (enfin) là

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Ca y est ! Depuis le 22 décembre, le premier réseau mobile « Manuia » est effectif à Wallis et Futuna, à l’aube de l’année 2016. Tous les territoires français sont désormais connectés.

Ils étaient les derniers territoires français à ne pas disposer de réseau mobile, soulignent nos confrère de Wallis et Futuna 1ère. À l’aube de l’an 2016, l’information paraît incroyable et pourtant, les habitants de Wallis et Futuna disposent, depuis le 22 décembre, d’une connexion mobile et d’un opérateur : « Manuia ». Les démarches furent longues, « il a fallu faire, défaire, refaire les scénarios pour trouver la juste mesure à ce réseau, à cette technologie qu’on a à mettre en place. Beaucoup de sueur, de sacrifices ont été engagés pour le mettre en service. Pour qu’il soit réellement un outils de développement et de désenclavement », confirme Manuele Taofifenua, chef de service du SPT (Service de la Poste et du téléphone). Et il aura fallu une quinzaine d’années de péripéties, de tractations politiques, culturelles et même judiciaires pour y arriver. Pourtant, l’absence de réseau de téléphonie mobile a longtemps été reconnu comme un obstacle important au développement économique de l’île. Le Sénat avait d’ailleurs publié une étude à ce sujet, fin 2014 : Wallis et Futuna : des obstacles persistants au développement.

Le premier réseau de téléphonie mobile à Wallis et Futuna, baptisé "Manuia", est effectif depuis le 22 décembre 2015 ©Wallis et Futuna 1ère

Le premier réseau de téléphonie mobile à Wallis et Futuna, baptisé « Manuia », est effectif depuis le 22 décembre 2015 ©Wallis et Futuna 1ère

Le dossier s’est accéléré en début 2014, quand l’Assemblée territoriale vote le projet de déploiement d’un réseau de téléphonie mobile. Un déploiement soutenu par Georges Pau-Langevin, Ministre des Outre-mer, déclarant que « le ministère donne l’assurance d’un accompagnement voire d’une garantie de l’Etat pour la mise en place du téléphone mobile ». Côté coûts, il aura fallu contracter deux prêts, l’un auprès de l’Agence française de développement et l’autre auprès de la Caisse des prestations sociales, d’une valeur globale de 6,6 millions d’euros. L’Etat a fixé sa participation à près de 2 millions d’euros. « Il a fallu s’engager, il a fallu prendre des initiatives pour accompagner l’équipe du SPT. C’est chose faite ! », se félicite Mikaele Kulimoetoke, président de l’Assemblée territoriale, élu en fin 2014 et réélu pour l’exercice 2016. Lors de sa première élection, il avait « pris le dossier à bras le corps ». L’échéance était fixé à fin 2015, et à la veille de Noël, le premier réseau mobile de Wallis et Futuna est entré en service.

« Que cet outil qui nous ait mis entre les mains soit là pour améliorer des uns avec les autres », a lancé Monseigneur de Rasilly, lors de l’inauguration officielle du réseau. Pour le Préfet Marcel Renouf, c’est un retard comblé. La prochaine étape pour Wallis et Futuna sera de se doter du câble et du haut débit internet « prévu au mieux pour la fin du premier semestre 2017 ». Le téléphone fixe deviendra-t-il à Wallis et Futuna, comme dans la plupart des pays développés, un vieux souvenir ?

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  1. June Wanjug uOpeto

    10 November, 2017

     

     

    Re: Manufacturing, Racial Politics & East African Politics  

     

    To Heads of Organizations:

     

    While living at Montclair, New Jersey, my former landlady Leona Smith once told me that the white counter staff at the local shop called Hahnes had held a private conversation with her. During the course of the conversation, the staff member who happened to work for Clinique Cosmetics told her that black customers do not always have to opt for dark coloured cosmetics, but they can opt for all types of cosmetics. Clinique is one of the companies which are part of the Estee Lauder companies, and Hahnes was located at Church St., Montclair, a mere walking distance from where I lived at the time. The nature of the conversation is peculiar, because I really did not know that there was any rule which said that black customers had to opt only for or brown or dark coloured products, but as you know by now, that is precisely what the American football players have been trying to do, while at the same time permitting white customers to buy whatever colour of cosmetic product that they want. There’s another dimension to the problem. White companies such as Clinique are inferred to be very respectable in public, while black companies such as Posners and the others are not. Therefore, wearing a black product which was made by Posners would still not enable a black customers social respect anyway, unless she wore a product which was made by Fashion Fair which we as Kenyans were already at war with because of the company’s behaviour in 1981 when I was forced to attend a fashion show which featured Fashion Fair’s cosmetics. The fashion show was held at Garfield, New Jersey. Meanwhile, Hahnes went out of business when I was still at Montclair, before my sister Wamwari arrived there. The company was taken over by Lord & Taylor’s of New York City. Due to the colour problems which are presented, we believe that there is too much economic and political disparity due to skin colour, and we shall demand a level of economic protectionism due to hostile politics at the highest levels of American government and politics. We also want to protect our own black companies here at New Zealand. We believe that they are being quarrelled with by Americans about what types of products black people should wear, and how those products are to be worn etc. As Americans have themselves admitted, there is no hard and fast rule about how to wear a cosmetic product, or even an item of clothing for that matter. Our manufacturers make products for themselves and for their customers, and we are not going to be fought out of our culture in order to adopt a racially horrifying way of life which we want to abolish abroad. As far as Warner Lambert is concerned, we’re also investigating the effect of an Indian transsexual called Anita Badlani (later Anita Sippy), on my life and the racial and gender politics of the world. (During the course of employment at Warner Lambert, Anita announced a marriage after which he became known as Anita Sippy. I don’t know whether he hyphenated his married name or not, but as you know, that is another area of marital contention about women’s marital issues and the correct way for those of us who are women to behave. I’ve therefore opted to separate the two names which he used during work at Warner Lambert because marriage obviously had nothing to do with his change of name). Anita Badlani, the name which he used while working within the Raw Materials laboratory, used to wear cosmetics on his face. He was also very friendly to Jeff Reid, the black Jamaican, and Cheryl Richardson, a white transsexual who was also friendly to Jeff Reid. The charge which has been made against me by white Americans, is that I was quarrelling with white women, although no plausible reason has ever been given for the accusation. I now also don’t know whether the accusation refers more accurately to white male transsexuals or not. The only white women who was actually around me at Warner Lambert was Donna Curran of the microbiology laboratory, reporting to John Roff. However the issues or race, skin colour, make-up etc, also involve Indians such such as Anita Badlani, and also Mindanao people such as Virginia Neri, a woman who also used to work for the Raw materials laboratory. We shall have to find out about the cosmetics’ issues of both of those groups before a sensible and coherent decision can be made. We also want other sectors, such as Jews to speak up on the matter, because they too were near me and were part of the events which took place at Warner Lambert. It is a shame that Jewish and Mindanao manufacturers were not present at any of the local area shopping malls of northern New Jersey, and so their politics have gone unheard for a very long time. It was not until Texas when I was able to speak to Shiseido, a Japanese company which was placed next to the French manufacturers Lancome and Biotherm. Here at New Zealand, we have written to manufacturers of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Saudi Arabia to create products to distribute worldwide in order to increase out self-esteem. We also believe that the people who live here at New Zealand should also participate. At any rate, a company called Jordana is now here at New Zealand. We last wrote to Jordana via the company’s Thai offices. At the United States of America, Jordana’s address was based at Illinois where Chicago is also located. Today, the website has an address an American address which is at Pasadena, California. It is likely to be a black company anyway, and we need to remove the public bias and prejudice against black manufacturers. Two other companies who we want to contact are Brucci and Wet’N’Wild. Both of them sold products to me and Wamwari when we lived at Caldwell. They were sold by Harmon of West Caldwell.   

     

     

    Sincerely  

     

    June Wanjugu Opeto 

    13/88 Nelson St., 

    Auckland Central, Auckland

    New Zealand

     

     

    More information can be obtained at the following address:

    https://www.dropbox.com/sh/didhh3lkpfg6ghm/AAC8JgEpjyt8kZH2tJ5zgwara?dl=0